Nota Power Point ICT Form 4 dan 5 (VERSI BI)


1.1 Introduction to Information and Communication Technology
       1.1.1 Overview of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
       Define ICT.
       Describe the brief evolution of computers.

       1.1.2 ICT In Everyday Life: Education, Banking, Industry and Commerce
       List the usage of ICT in everyday life.
       State the differences between computerised and non-computerised systems.
       State the impact of ICT on society.

1.2 Computer Ethics and Legal Issues
     Define Computer Ethics, Code of Ethics, Intellectual Property, Privacy, Computer Crime
                          and Cyber Law.
     Differentiate between ethics and law.
     the need for intellectual property laws.
       1.1.2 Privacy
       List ways to protect privacy.
       State authentication and verification methods/ technologies

      1.2.3 Controversial Contents and Control
      List effects of controversial contents on society:
                           • Pornography
                           • Slander
    Describe the process of filtering to control access to controversial contents.

      1.2.4 Computer Crimes
      Explain the need for Cyber Law.
      Explain briefly the computer crimes below:
                          • Fraud
                          • Copyright Infringement
                          • Theft
                          • Attacks
1.3 Computer Security
      1.3.1 Definition
      Define computer security.
      1.3.2 Security Threats
     Explain briefly the different threats to computer security:
                         • Malicious code
                         • Hacking
                         • Natural disaster
                         • Theft
      1.3.3 Security Measures
      Select the appropriate security measures to overcome the identified computer threats
      Apply the correct security procedures.
                          • Antivirus
                          • Anti-Spyware
                         • Cryptography
                         • Firewall
                         • Data backup
                         • Human aspects
1.4 Current and Future Developments
      1.4.1 Impact of ICT on Society
      Locate information from various sources (example: Internet, library or magazines).
      Describe the impact of ICT on society.
      Present results in a clear, concise manner
      cooperation in conducting study.


2.1  System Concept
       2.1.1    Overview of Computer Systems
          Define computer systems
          Input, process, output and  State the meaning of storage.
          Describe the information processing cycle which  includes  input,output,process, and
       2.1.2   Data Representation
         State the relationship of data representation: bit,byte and character.
       2.1.3   Introduction to Binary Coding
         Explain the function of ASCII code.
       2.1.4    Data Measurement
          State the units of data measurement:
        •  Bit  
        • Byte  
        •  Kilobyte (KB)
        • Megabyte (MB)
        • Gigabyte (GB)
        • Terabyte (TB) 
       2.1.5  Clock Speed Measurement
        State the units   of clock speed measurement:
                              •   Megahertz (MHz)
                              •  Gigahertz (GHz)
2.2  Hardware

      2.2.1  Input Devices
         Identify the input devices used for text, graphic, audio and video.
      2.2.2  Output Devices
         Identify the output devices used for text, graphic,audio and video
      2.2.3    Motherboard
           Identify the location of the central processing unit (CPU), expansion slots, expansion
                                cards, RAM slots,
                                ports and connectors on the motherboard.
      2.2.4    Storage
              Explain  types and functions of :                                                                                                   
        •  primary storage (RAM, ROM) 
        •  secondary storage (magnetic medium  optical medium, flash memory)            
2.3  Software

     2.3.1     Operating System (OS)
          State the various types of OS used on different platforms.
          State the functions of OS.
          State the different interfaces of OS.

     2.3.2     Application Software
         State the types of application software (wordprocessing, spreadsheet, presentation,
         Describe the uses of application software (wordprocessing, spreadsheet, presentation,
     2.3.3     Utility Program
           Differentiate between   the types and usage of utility programmes (file management,
                                diagnostic and file compression).
     2.3.4     Proprietary and Open Source Software
            Differentiate between  proprietary and open source software.

 2.4  Installation

     2.4.1    Personal Computer (PC) Assembling
         Assemble the components of a PC.
         Display cooperation in assembling the components of a PC.

     2.4.2    Hard Disk Partitioning and Formatting
          Format and partition the hard disk.
     2.4.3    Software Installation
        Install operating system, application software and utility programs.

2.5  Current and Future Developments
     2.5.1    Software Available Latest Open Source
         Explain the latest open source OS and application software available in the market.
    2.5.2     Latest Development In ICT
         Explain the latest ICT hardware and software
        Explain pervasive computing.